It is very hard to show patients how risks vary over time and how those time patterns themselves differ between options. This image illustrates this problem using the case of prostate cancer treatment. It tries to visually explain how likely a patient is to experience each of 2 common side effects with each of 2 different treatment options over multiple timepoints.
This innovative “popsicle graph” is in fact a modified bar chart. The height of each line represents the degree of risk. The paired graphics separate each risk (sexual problems on top, urinating problems below) while color indicates the treatment type.